SME Business Guide

Acquisition of Dental Practices: Everything You Need to Know

Acquiring a dental practice is a significant investment and a complex process that requires careful planning, due diligence, and strategic decision-making. Here’s a comprehensive guide to everything you need to know about acquiring a dental practice.

1. Reasons to Acquire a Dental Practice

Established Patient Base:

  • Instant access to an established patient base and revenue stream.

Existing Infrastructure:

  • Avoids the time and cost of starting from scratch with office space, equipment, and staffing.

Brand and Reputation:

  • Benefits from the existing practice’s brand and reputation in the community.

2. Initial Considerations

Personal and Professional Goals:

  • Align the acquisition with your long-term career goals and personal aspirations.

Financial Readiness:

  • Assess your financial health, including credit score, savings, and debt-to-income ratio.


  • Consider the practice’s location in terms of accessibility, competition, and market demand.

3. Finding the Right Practice

Broker Services:

  • Dental practice brokers can help identify potential acquisitions and facilitate the process.

Industry Networks:

  • Use professional networks and dental associations to find opportunities.

Online Listings:

  • Browse dental practice listing websites and classified ads.

4. Due Diligence

Financial Due Diligence:

  • Financial Statements: Review profit and loss statements, balance sheets, and cash flow statements for the past 3-5 years.
  • Tax Returns: Examine business tax returns.
  • Accounts Receivable: Assess the quality and collectability of receivables.

Operational Due Diligence:

  • Patient Records: Analyse patient volume, demographics, and retention rates.
  • Staff: Evaluate staff performance, contracts, and satisfaction.
  • Equipment: Inspect the condition and value of dental equipment and technology.
  • Contracts and Leases: Review all contracts and leases, including property leases and vendor agreements.

Legal Due Diligence:

  • Licenses and Permits: Ensure all necessary licenses and permits are in place and transferable.
  • Compliance: Check for compliance with healthcare regulations and industry standards.
  • Legal Issues: Identify any ongoing or potential legal issues, such as lawsuits or regulatory violations.

5. Valuation of the Practice

Valuation Methods:

  • Income Approach: Based on the practice’s profitability and cash flow.
  • Market Approach: Comparison to similar practices that have recently sold.
  • Asset Approach: Valuation based on the value of the practice’s assets, including equipment, inventory, and goodwill.

Professional Appraisal:

  • Consider hiring a professional appraiser who specializes in dental practices.

6. Financing the Acquisition

Financing Options:

  • Traditional Bank Loans: Often offer competitive rates for qualified borrowers.
  • Specialized Dental Lenders: Lenders who understand the dental industry.
  • Seller Financing: The seller may finance part of the purchase price.

Preparation for Financing:

  • Business Plan: Develop a comprehensive business plan.
  • Financial Projections: Provide detailed income, expense, and profitability forecasts.
  • Personal Financial Statement: Include an overview of your financial health.

7. Negotiating the Purchase Agreement

Key Elements:

  • Purchase Price: Negotiate a fair purchase price based on the valuation.
  • Assets Included: Specify the assets included in the sale, such as equipment, inventory, and patient records.
  • Non-Compete Clause: Ensure a non-compete clause is in place to prevent the seller from opening a competing practice nearby.
  • Transition Period: Agree on a transition period where the seller assists with the handover to ensure a smooth transition.

8. Closing the Deal

Legal Review:

  • Have an attorney review all agreements and documents to ensure legal compliance and protect your interests.

Finalizing Financing:

  • Complete the loan application process and secure the necessary financing.

Signing the Agreement:

  • Sign the purchase agreement and any other required documents.

9. Post-Acquisition Considerations


  • Staff Communication: Communicate with staff about the acquisition and address any concerns.
  • Patient Communication: Inform patients about the transition and assure them of continued quality care.
  • System Integration: Integrate practice management systems and processes.

Business Development:

  • Marketing: Develop and implement a marketing strategy to attract new patients and retain existing ones.
  • Service Expansion: Consider expanding services to meet patient needs and increase revenue.

Continuous Improvement:

  • Feedback: Regularly seek feedback from patients and staff.
  • Professional Development: Invest in continuing education and professional development for yourself and your team.


Acquiring a dental practice is a significant and multifaceted process. By conducting thorough due diligence, securing appropriate financing, and carefully planning the transition, you can successfully acquire a practice that meets your professional goals and sets the stage for long-term success. Always seek advice from experienced professionals, including financial advisors, brokers, and legal experts, to navigate the complexities of the acquisition process.